To restrict the projective ambiguity (15 degrees of freedom) to a metric one (3 degrees of freedom for rotation, 3 for translation and 1 for scale), at least 8 constraints are needed. This thus determines the minimum length of a sequence from which self-calibration can be obtained, depending on the type of constraints which are available for each view. Knowing an intrinsic camera parameter for views gives constraints, fixing one yields only constraints.
Therefore the absence of skew (1 constraint per view) should in general be enough to allow self-calibration on a sequence of 8 or more images (this was shown in [114,60,99]). If in addition the aspect ratio is known (e.g. ) then 4 views should be sufficient. When the principal point is known as well a pair of images is sufficient.