Adaptive, Best-Effort, Delivery of Audio and Video Data Across Packet-Switched Networks

K. Jeffay, D.L. Stone, T. Talley, and F.D. Smith
in Network and Operating System Support for Digital Audio and Video,
Proceedings, Third Intl. Workshop
La Jolla, CA, November 1992
V. Rangan (Ed.).
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 712, pp. 3-14
Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1993.

Abstract: We present an overview of a "best-effort" transport protocol that supports conferencing with digital audio and video across interconnected packet switched networks. The protocol delivers the highest quality conference service possible given the current load in the network. Quality is defined in terms of synchronization between audio and video, the number of frames played out of order, and the end-to-end latency in the conference. High quality conference are realized through four transport and display mechanisms and a real-time implementation of these mechanisms that integrates operating system services (e.g., scheduling and resource allocation, and device management) with network communication services (e.g., transport protocols). In concert these mechanisms dynamically adapt the conference frame rate to the bandwidth available in the network, minimize the latency in the displayed streams while avoiding discontinuities, and provide quasi- reliable delivery of audio frames.

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